• Tinneke

The Middle Ages



Welcome to the Middle Ages!

This period began with the fall of the Roman Empire, around the 5th Century and merged into the Renaissance or the 15th Century. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Because of this wide range of time (1000 years!) it wasn't very easy to make a selection.

Fashion was dictated by the sumptuary laws, it was an easy way to identify social rank or status. Peasants or lower class people wore simple and practical clothing. Wealthier people or higher society wore more accessories, fur and expensive fabrics.


(1)Bliaut - (2)Surcoat

1100C

This was the time of elongated elegance (like the gothic churches). The ideal body was elongated. Woman wore the BLIAUT - long dresses with very long sleeves, together with long (fake) braids to help elongate their silhouette or the wimple - a headdress to cover their hair.

1200C

They started with a lot of layering. First they wore a kirtle, above it a surcoat with very deeply cut sides which hang quite loose. As headdresses they wore the Crespinette - a decorated hairnet, in many variations (with veils etc.)


Surcoat - miparti + cotehardie - Houppelande V-neck

1300C

The shape and fit of garments changed: clothes were being tailored to fit the body form. In this time there was the invention of the BUTTON. Woman wore the COTEHARDIE dress, with a lot of buttons and a low-scoop neckline. Men wore the Doublet, a Hose (verrry tight to the body) and the Poulain (shoes with very long toes..).

Later on there was the Mi- Parti fashion, constructed out of two different fabrics often in very different colors.


Houppelande + collar

1400C

Fashion got very extreme or extravagant in this period. The big garment of this period was the Houppelande. It was an outer garment with enormous sleeves (you could even trip on them).

There was also the invention of the COLLAR.


Headdresses

Mid/Late 1400 Century, things calmed down a bit. The look of the Houppelande changed into the V-neck line and high waistline. You can also see the kirtle beneath, so there's still a lot of layering, but more sophisticated... except maybe their headdresses. They were in all different kinds of sizes and forms (Bourrelet, Hennins).


sources:

https://bellatory.com/fashion-industry/FashionHistoryoftheHIghandLateMiddleAgesClothingo-the11th-15thCentury

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKklxNLMNdA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_medieval_clothing

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages

http://www.thefinertimes.com/Middle-Ages/fashion-in-the-middle-ages.html

http://www.historical-costumes.eu/en/01_middle_ages.html

Read more about the beauty esthetic of the middle ages and have a look at the gorgeous illustrations of Margo!


If you want to know more about the Egyptians and Romans, it's right here.

Or go back to Historical appearances.

#historyoffashion

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Pinterest - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle

all design & content © Tinika unless otherwise noted

leave credit where credit is due

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Pinterest - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle